7 Most Important Elements of Graphic Design

Colour, typography, imagery, arrangement, and structure represent the fundamental elements of graphic design.
These components are significant in graphic design as they convey messages, generate visual resonance, define the structure, stir emotions, enhance legibility, refine the arrangement, and enable effective communication with the target audience..

If you are on a product launch or planning that in near future, understanding graphic design is important. From a brand idea to final output, graphic design plays a very important role to help brands connect with the audience.

Dive in to read more about principles of design and what is graphic design to make it an easy ride for you.

Contents hide
1. 7 Most Important Elements of Graphic Design
1.3. 7 Graphic Designing Elements

What are Graphic Design Elements?

A dash of colour in some classic art creation with a touch of texture is something you can call a well designed graphic design.

Each element of graphic design is crucial in capturing attention, conveying information, and creating visually appealing designs that effectively communicate the desired message or purpose.

Just like the wheat base in a pizza, graphic design elements are the main ingredients of an online media work.

elements of graphic designSource: www.freepik.com

Also Read: What is UI/UX Design?

​​What are Graphic Design Principles?

The principles of design govern the arrangement and organisation of elements in a visual composition. They provide a framework for creating aesthetically pleasing and effective designs. The principles of design include:


Achieving visual equilibrium by distributing elements evenly within a design. Balance can be symmetrical (equal weight on both sides) or asymmetrical (unequal but visually balanced).


The juxtaposition of elements (such as colours, sizes, shapes, or textures) to create visual interest and make certain elements stand out.


Directing the viewer’s attention to a specific element or focal point within the design. Emphasis can be achieved through contrast, size, colour, placement, or other visual techniques.


Creating a sense of motion or visual flow within a design. Movement can be implied through the arrangement of elements, the use of lines, or the placement of directional elements.


Maintaining a harmonious relationship between size, scale, and visual weight elements. Proportion ensures that elements are appropriately sized in relation to one another.


Repeating certain elements (such as colours, shapes, or patterns) to create unity, consistency, and visual rhythm within a design. Repetition helps establish visual cohesion.


Ensuring that all elements within a design work together harmoniously to create a cohesive and unified composition. Unity is achieved by consistently using elements, styles, and visual themes.


Introducing diversity and variation within a design to keep it visually interesting and engaging. Variety can be achieved through different colours, shapes, textures, or styles.


Grouping related elements together to create visual relationships and improve organisation and readability. Elements that are connected conceptually or functionally should be visually connected.

White Space:

Also known as negative space, it refers to the empty or unmarked areas in a design. White space helps create balance, clarity, and focus by giving elements room to breathe.

Read: What is Graphic Design?

7 Graphic Designing Elements

The seven elements of graphic design are as follows:


Lines create visual connections, separate or unite elements, and convey movement, direction, or boundaries within a design. They can be straight, curved, thick, thin, or implied.

How it impacts a design?


Lines have a powerful visual impact and can create a sense of movement, direction, and energy in a design. They can guide the viewer’s eye, lead them through the composition, and emphasise certain elements.

Dividing Space:

Lines can divide space within a design, creating boundaries, sections, or grids. They help establish structure, organisation, and balance in the overall layout.

Visual Connections:

Lines can connect different elements, create relationships, and establish visual connections. They can be used to visually link related objects, text, or images, creating a cohesive and unified design.

Emphasis and Direction:

Lines can be used strategically to draw attention and create stress on specific elements. They can guide the viewer’s eye along a desired path or direct their focus to critical information or focal points.

Expressive Potential:

Lines can convey different emotions, moods, or characteristics depending on their characteristics and use. For example, curved lines can evoke a sense of fluidity or softness, while jagged lines can create a feeling of energy or chaos.

Texture and Patterns:

Lines can create texture or patterns within a design. By varying lines’ thickness, spacing, or pattern, designers can add depth, interest, and visual richness to their compositions.

Brand Identity:

Lines can be integral to a brand’s visual identity. Consistent use of lines in logos, packaging, or marketing materials can help establish a recognizable and cohesive brand presence.


Shapes are flat, two-dimensional figures that can take on geometric shapes like squares, circles, triangles, or more irregular and freeform organic forms. They outline objects, form patterns, and organise the design.

How it impacts a design?

Visual Impact:

Shapes have a strong visual impact and can instantly grab attention. They can convey meaning, evoke emotions, and create a sense of balance, harmony, or tension within a design.

Object Representation:

Shapes often represent and symbolise objects or concepts. For example, a circle can represent unity or wholeness, while a triangle can indicate stability or direction.

Composition and Layout:

Shapes play a crucial role in a design’s overall composition and layout. They can create a sense of hierarchy, balance, and flow. Different shapes can be arranged to form patterns or grids, enhancing the visual appeal and organisation of the design.

Visual Relationships:

Shapes can establish visual relationships between elements within a design. They can be combined or overlapped to create new shapes, establish connections, or create a sense of unity and cohesion.

Brand Recognition:

Unique shapes or silhouettes can become iconic brand representations. Think about famous logos like the Nike Swoosh or the Apple logo, which are instantly recognizable due to their distinct shapes.

Negative Space:

Shapes can also be defined by the absence of other elements, known as negative space. Effective use of negative space can create interesting shapes, improve readability, and contribute to the overall visual balance of the design.

Emotional Response:

Different shapes can evoke different emotions and perceptions. For example, round shapes are often associated with warmth and friendliness, while sharp, angular shapes can convey strength or edginess.


Color plays a significant role in graphic design, evoking emotions, setting moods, and communicating messages. It includes primary, secondary, and tertiary colours and hue variations, saturation, and brightness.

How colours influence a design?

Visual Communication:

Color has a powerful impact on visual communication. It catches attention, creates a mood, and evokes emotions. Carefully selecting and using colours can instantly grab the viewer’s attention and convey a desired message or tone.

Brand Identity:

Colour is crucial in establishing and reinforcing a brand’s identity. Consistent use of colours in branding materials helps create recognition and association with a particular brand, making it memorable and distinct.

Symbolism and Meaning:

Different colours have cultural and psychological associations that can convey specific meanings or messages. For example, red can represent passion or energy, while blue may convey trust or calmness. Understanding the psychological impact of colours helps designers effectively communicate the intended message.

Hierarchy and Organization:

Colours can establish a visual hierarchy and organise information within a design. By assigning different colours to different elements or sections, designers can guide the viewer’s eye and prioritise information, making navigating and comprehending the content more accessible.

Visual Harmony:

Colour harmonies, such as complementary or analogous colour schemes, can enhance a design’s visual appeal and cohesiveness. Careful colour combinations create balance, unity, and a pleasing aesthetic, enhancing the overall impact of the design.


Texture refers to the perceived surface quality of an object or element. It can be visual (the appearance of texture) or tactile (the actual physical texture). Texture adds depth, interest, and a tactile feel to the design.

How texture can affect a design?

Sensory Experience:

Texture stimulates the senses and adds a layer of realism to digital or printed designs. It can evoke touch sensations and create a more immersive experience, enhancing the overall impact and connection with the audience.

Visual Interest:

Texture adds visual interest and depth to a design. It creates a tactile feel and a sense of dimension, making the design more engaging and appealing to the viewer.

Emphasis and Focus:

Texture can be used strategically to draw attention and emphasize specific elements. By applying texture to certain areas or objects, designers can make them stand out and guide the viewer’s gaze to important details or messages.

Mood and Atmosphere:

Different textures can convey specific moods or atmospheres. Smooth textures may evoke a sense of elegance or sophistication, while rough or grungy textures can create a gritty or edgy feel. Choosing appropriate textures helps set the desired tone and enhance the overall message of the design.

Visual Contrast and Variety:

Texture adds variety and contrast to a design, breaking up monotonous or flat surfaces. It can be used to juxtapose smooth and rough, soft and hard, or glossy and matte textures, creating a dynamic visual experience and enhancing the overall visual composition.


Space, also known as negative space, refers to the area surrounding and between design elements. It helps define the relationships between objects, enhances readability, and creates a sense of balance and harmony in the composition.

How space can make a design impressive?

Visual Organisation:

Space, also known as negative or white space, helps visually organise elements within a design. It provides breathing room and separation between different elements, making them easily distinguishable and enhancing clarity.

Balance and Harmony:

Proper use of space contributes to achieving a sense of balance and harmony in a design. It ensures that elements are proportionately distributed, avoiding clutter and creating a visually pleasing composition.

Focus and Emphasis:

Effective use of space helps direct the viewer’s attention to a design’s main focal point or key elements. By giving sufficient space around important elements, designers can make them stand out and enhance their visual impact.

Readability and Legibility:

Ample space between text and other visual elements improves readability and legibility. It prevents overcrowding and allows the text to be easily read, ensuring the message is communicated effectively.

Visual Breathing Room:

Space provides a sense of openness and visual breathing room, making a design feel more inviting and less overwhelming. It allows the viewer’s eyes to rest and navigate the design more comfortably.


Typography involves selecting, arranging, and presenting fonts and typefaces. It includes font style, size, weight, spacing, and alignment. Typography plays a crucial role in readability, conveying hierarchy, and setting the tone of the design.

Why typography is relevant in graphic design?

Communication and Legibility:

Typography is a fundamental element of visual communication. It plays a vital role in conveying messages and information effectively. Proper selection of fonts, sizes, and spacing ensures legibility and enhances the readability of the text.

Visual Hierarchy:

Typography helps establish a visual hierarchy within a design. By varying font sizes, weights, and styles, designers can emphasise key elements, create a sense of importance, and guide the viewer’s eye through the content.

Brand Identity:

Typography defines a brand’s identity and personality. Consistent use of specific fonts or typography styles helps establish brand recognition, differentiate from competitors, and convey the desired tone and values of the brand.

Aesthetics and Mood:

Typography choices greatly influence a design’s overall aesthetics and mood. Different font styles evoke different emotions and perceptions. Serif fonts can impart a sense of tradition or formality, whereas sans-serif fonts may evoke a contemporary or minimalistic look. The selection of appropriate typography establishes the mood and amplifies the visual impression of the design.

Visual Coherence:

Typography ensures optical coherence and consistency within a design. Creating a uniform typographic system that applies consistently to different components like headings, body text, and captions results in a coherent and harmonious appearance. This, in turn, elevates the overall sense of professionalism and quality in the design.


Value plays a pivotal role in crafting a two-dimensional design’s optical illusion of depth and three-dimensionality. By strategically using lighter weights for objects that seem closer and darker values for those that seem more distant, designers can generate a perception of space and depth, imparting visual allure and realism to the design.

Why value is important in graphic design?

Contrast and Visual Hierarchy:

Value refers to the relative lightness or darkness of elements within a design. By utilising different values, designers can create contrast and establish a visual hierarchy, making certain elements stand out and guiding the viewer’s attention to key focal points.

Depth and Dimension:

Value is crucial in creating a two-dimensional design’s illusion of depth and dimension. By using lighter values for objects that appear closer and darker values for objects that appear farther away, designers can create a sense of space and depth, making the design visually engaging and realistic.

Emphasis and Focus:

Value can be used strategically to emphasise specific elements or areas within a design. By applying higher contrast or using lighter or darker values, designers can draw attention to important information or focal points, enhancing the visual impact and guiding the viewer’s eye.

Mood and Atmosphere:

Different values evoke different moods and atmospheres. Lighter values tend to convey a sense of openness, positivity, or airiness, while darker values can evoke mystery, drama, or seriousness. Careful selection of values helps establish the desired mood and effectively communicate the intended message of the design.

Readability and Accessibility:

Proper value contrast is essential for readability and accessibility in design, especially for text-based content. Sufficient contrast between the text and the background ensures that the text is easily legible, accommodating users with different visual abilities and ensuring effective information communication.

By understanding and effectively utilising these seven graphic design elements, designers can create visually engaging, balanced, and impactful designs that communicate their intended messages.


Graphic design elements are the building blocks that designers use to create visually captivating and effective designs. These elements, from lines and shapes to colour, typography, and space, communicate messages, evoke emotions, and engage audiences. 

To explore the vast possibilities of graphic design and understand its various aspects, connect with Noboru World. Reach out to us at hello[at]noboruworld.com, and let us guide you through the world of design. Unleash your creativity and make a lasting impact with compelling visual communication.


What is the significance of color in graphic design? 

Color plays a vital role in graphic design by grabbing attention, conveying meaning and emotions, establishing brand identity, creating visual hierarchy, and enhancing the overall aesthetics of a design.

How does typography impact graphic design? 

Typography greatly influences visual communication by enhancing readability, establishing hierarchy, setting the mood and tone, conveying brand identity, and ensuring visual coherence within a design.

Why is composition important in graphic design? 

Composition refers to the arrangement and placement of elements within a design. It is essential in graphic design as it determines visual balance, focal points, flow, and aesthetics. A well-composed design creates a harmonious and visually pleasing experience for the viewer.